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Financial transaction tax: another way to broaden revenue

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Financial transaction tax: another way to broaden revenue

As the government looks for ways to broaden its revenue base and combat the country’s ever-widening deficit, it has been advised to consider introducing another form of tax.

Financial Transactions Tax (FTT) is a levy on a specific type of financial transaction.

It is considered a better alternative to increasing Value Added Tax (VAT).

According to local tax consultant, Jonathan Hore, FTT can be levied on transactions such as: ATM withdrawals and deposits, sale and purchase of shares, issuance of loans by banks and other financial institutions as well as other related transactions.

Currently, Egypt, Zimbabwe and South Africa are the only African nations to impose such a tax.

However, Hore feels Botswana could benefit massively from the levy, as the volumes of financial transactions that take place in the country are huge.

“For example, try to imagine how many people swipe when they purchase groceries, fuel, etc or how many EFTs or e-wallet transactions are made in a day,” he said.

Hore estimates that around 700, 000 transactions occur daily.

“If authorities could for instance levy P3.50 tax per transaction, P2.45 million could be raised daily which equates to almost P1 billion per year.”

The tax expert maintains FTT is preferable to simply increasing tax, which he warns is inflationary and would lead to increase in the prices of almost all commodities.

Outlining the advantages of FTT, Hore says besides raising more revenue than VAT, it is also non-inflationary.

This is because it does not cause an increase in the prices of goods and services, which could hurt the purchasing power of consumers.

Furthermore, the FTT charge is small and predominantly targeted at those who have the capacity to pay tax.

“A VAT increase on the other hand affects everyone, whether rich or destitute,” he noted, adding FTT is easy to collect as tax authorities simply designate selected businesses – such as banks, telecommunication companies, traders in goods and services and the Botswana Stock Exchange (BSE) – as tax collection agents.

The local VAT currently stands at 12 percent, with the last hike made in 2010 when it was increased from 10 percent.

At 12 percent, it is considered the lowest in the SADC region.

It is feared an increase would result in a surge in commodity prices, including food items.

This leads to erosion of purchasing power for consumers and disadvantages low-income earners and the unemployed.

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Sub-Saharan Gloom

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Moody’s predict bad outlook for region

Credit Ratings and Research Agency, Moody’s has predicted tough times ahead for the Sub-Saharan region in terms of sovereign credit worthiness*.

A report published this week by the American-based Investors Service states that its 2020 outlook for sovereign credit worthiness remains negative.

Moody’s attributes this to the limited progress made in reducing risk related to increased debt burdens (a large amount of money that a country owes to another which they are struggling to repay)and debt servicing.

“While growth will remain solid, it will not meaningfully buttress income nor increase economic resilience,” predicts the respected institution, further adding that the external environment is becoming increasingly unpredictable, which aggregates existing challenges.

The rating agency warns even with the region not highly integrated into the global economy through direct trade linkages, it remains exposed through its sensitivity to changes in commodity prices and financial conditions.

“The limited capacity of most governments to respond to even modest negative external shocks exacerbates the region’s sensitivity to the more negative global environment,” it states.

Moody’s Investors service has identified three key areas which underpin its negative outlook for Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA).

These are: worsening external environment, weak government finances and subdued GDP growth.

It is reported weak government finances will continue to pose a constraint, with the rise in debt and interest burdens since 2015 having weakened the fiscal profiles of most Sub-Saharan region sovereigns.

“We expect modest fiscal consolidation for the region, with the median fiscal deficit improving to 3 percent of GDP in 2020 compared with 3.3 percent in 2019,” continues the report, further adding that while this will allow debt burdens to stabilize, fiscal profiles will remain weak overall and leave SSA sovereigns with limited capacity to employ counter fiscal policies.

The region’s debt burden is expected to decline to 51 percent of GDP this year from 54.5 seen in 2019. However, it remains significantly higher than the 40.4 percent recorded five years ago.

While there are some intra-regional differences, including Botswana, whose debt burden remains low, the general trend, according to Moody’s, implies that Sub Saharan African countries have less fiscal spaces to absorb future shocks.

Regarding GDP growth, the international rating agency predicts GDP will remain steady, but will not meaningfully buttress per capita incomes or support fiscal consolidation.

“We expect economic growth to accelerate modestly, with regional real GDP growth rising to 3.5 percent in 2020, compared with 3.1 percent in 2019,” says Moody’s.

It further outlines that the regional average is weighed down by sluggish growth in the region’s largest economies, Nigeria and South Africa, while growth in the rest of SSA will accelerate to 5.3 percent, albeit with significant variations by sub-region and economic structure.

It is alsoenvisioned that there will be a recovery in growth for commodity exporters. This is anticipated to be robust in non-energy commodity exporters like Niger, Ghana and Botswana.

A sovereign credit rating is an independent assessment of the creditworthiness of a country or sovereign entity.

Sovereign credit ratings can give investors insights into the level of risk associated with investing in the debt of a particular country/region including any political risk

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Providing crime solutions

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Providing crime solutions

Faced with the daunting challenge of unemployment, a 20-year-old man decided to go the entrepreneurship route and registered a security company.

Five years later and Ditiro Leutlwetse is still holding dear to the dream that one day First Crime Solutions will be amongst the biggest employers in the country.

“The company was specifically registered to create meaningful employment for the many youths roaming the streets,” explained the ambitious youth, whose business is based in Francistown but whose services can be hired across Botswana.

The God fearing youngster, a member of Days of Glory Church, told Voice Money he is confident of the ripple effects his company can have on society.

“Young people would gain meaningful employment and put food on the table, while some will be bread winners for their families. This is what drives me!” underlined the father-of-two who originally hails from Palapye.

Some of the services offered by First Crime Solutions include: Guarding (armed and unarmed security officers), Private Investigations, V.I.P Protection, Bodyguard, Access Control, Armed Response, CCTV Surveillance and Security Officer (dog handler).

Narrating how he arrived at the idea of setting up a security company at such a young age, Leutlwetse said a few tough years of unemployment left him thinking outside the box.

“I approached someone with the idea of registering a security company and they pointed me in the right direction. I went to the Office of the President where I filled out forms; the entire process took less than six months.”

Leutlwetse admits it has not been smooth sailing since he satisfied the vetting process from OP through the Directorate of Intelligence and Security Services (DISS).

“I knew it was never going to be easy as a new company to breakthrough in this highly competitive market. Companies prefers the tried and tested, that is why you see all the established security companies getting all the tenders,” he said.

The determined youngster added that although his company is yet to win a lucrative tender, he will never lose hope.

“I’m forever optimistic. In fact I believe this year, the wheel of fortune will finally move and we’ll get a chance to show what we can offer!” exclaimed Leutlwetse, who revealed he has submitted ‘one or two’ tender documents and is hopeful of a positive response.

The entrepreneur says his enterprise is dedicated to providing excellent services and solutions to individuals, businesses and communities.

“We’ve highly trained and well equipped personnel who are monitored hourly from their posts.”

Leutlwetse said what sets them apart from other companies is that they believe in training their security personnel. He stressed training is a vital component in ensuring that security personnel are adequately equipped to provide their clients with first-rate service.

“We do this by providing Legislated Grade Training, Site Specific Training and Ongoing Refresher Training. Refresher Training is also conducted on a regular basis to ensure the company’s prescribed standard of competency is maintained,” Leutlwetse said.

The young man further told Voice Money that they have fostered relations with other local businesses to help them deliver on their mandate should they be engaged in the foreseeable future.

“I’m not then kind to give up on my dream that is why I urge other young people to remain focused and keep doing the things they are good at. It is also important to commit to God, because all I’m doing today is through his grace,” concluded Leutlwetse humbly.

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Building a service empire

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Building a service empire

Events management made easy

The old adage in business states: ‘the best business idea is one that provides a solution to a problem’.

This is precisely what Daniel Magole Diamond had in mind when he founded Service Empire last February.

Having hit the ground running, with more and more clients subscribing for their services, this one-of-a-kind Events Management company has the potential to become the next big thing in Botswana.

The enterprise boasts a comprehensive approach to Events Management, providing tents, cutlery, sound, deco and numerous additional services to their clients.

Unlike other outfits in the industry, Service Empire has come up with a unique concept that allows members to pay a monthly subscription – similar to the way insurance companies work.

“It’s a conventional way of doing business, that allows people to have a peace of mind while we handle their business,” explained Diamond, the founder and Sole Proprietor.

According to Diamond, anyone who is gainfully employed and has an active bank account can register with the company.

The self-driven entrepreneur, who’s also at the helm of well known traditional group Bana Bana Ba Ntogwa, revealed he came up with the concept after realising generally people struggle to host events and even postpone big decisions such as marriage due to the cost implications associated with them.

“We’re trying to bridge the gap between the haves and the have-nots. For as little as P270 per month you can get P50, 000 worth of service for your wedding or party. Remember we don’t give out money, we provide a service,” he stressed.

Following a 12-month waiting period, a client is eligible to host an event of their choice once a year.

It could be a graduation party, wedding, tombstone unveiling, re-union or anniversary, Business Empire will take care of the logistics.

“We are not saying members should host an event every year, but we are assuring them that should they want to, we’ll be ready for them!” he exclaimed, adding, “For a client who has subscribed for five uninterrupted years, there’s a cash back policy of 30 per cent.”

There are varying packages clients can choose from, with subscriptions also covering close family members.

“This means a client can decide to throw a birthday party for her daughter and she’ll be fully covered,” Diamond said.

The company also offers extras like video shooting, wedding dress and car at an additional monthly cost not exceeding P30.

“We are not a funeral parlour but when our client dies we pay-out P2, 000, and provide a dome three days before burial, as well as a tent and chairs,” he added.

Diamond said they thought availing a dome three days before burial date would help the bereaved family with accommodation issues as visiting relatives can use it.

“We also provide a van which will be used to ferry firewood and other such menial tasks that require a van. This van will be availed to the family as soon as the death is announced until the day of burial,” he said.

Diamond revealed the idea is his intellectual property protected by The Companies and Intellectual Property Authority (CIPA).

“This means we have a wide market to operate in,” he highlighted.

“We’re currently being mentored by Local Enterprise Authority (LEA), and we’ll soon get funding,” interjected Diamond’s Personal Assistant and Sales Executive, Tebo Bokamoso Thobogang.

Thobogang said they cover both individuals and corporate clients.

“We have what we call paid up clients whose waiting period is only six months – these are clients who pay a year’s subscription up front – compared to our premium clients whose waiting period is 12 months,” he said.

“All you need is a copy of your Omang, pay slip and one month bank statement to register with us. Check us out at our office in Phase IV Industrial in Francistown and get your contract document,” concluded Thobogang, who is also the company’s first permanent employee.

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