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How COVID-19 could affect the continent

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How COVID-19 could affect the continent

While Africa has registered fewer confirmed cases of Covid-19 and the least number of deaths, the United Nations (UN) has warned that many lives could be at risk in the continent.

As of Wednesday morning, confirmed Coronavirus infections in Africa stood at 35, 043 making up just over a percent of the 3, 116, 992 worldwide total.

The global death toll currently stands at 217, 183, with roughly 1, 400 fatalities occurring on the African continent.

Despite these seemingly positive statistics, the UN fears that anywhere between 300, 000 and 3.3 million people could lose their lives in Africa – home to 1.2 billion people – as a direct result of Covid-19.

This frightening figure is dependent on the measures taken to stop the virus’ spread.

The UN notes that the continent is especially vulnerable because 56 percent of its urban population live in overcrowded and poorly serviced slum dwellings.

Furthermore, the organisation says only 34 percent of households have access to basic hand-washing facilities.

Additionally, Africa’s high numbers of both Tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS sufferers is a cause for concern as people inflicted with such conditions are at a greater risk of death should they contract Coronavirus.

The pandemic is also expected to have an adverse socio-economic impact on Africa, as 71 percent of the workforce is believed to be in formal employment, with the majority unable to work from home.

Focusing the microscope on Botswana, the country currently (29 April) has 23 confirmed cases, with five recoveries and one fatality.

Looking at the factors the UN believes could contribute to the thousands of deaths in Africa, a 2017 Demographic Survey conducted by Statistics Botswana estimated the country’s population to be 2.1 million.

Kweneng East, an area comprising of villages such as Molepolole, Gabane, Mmopane and Mogoditshane, was reported to be the most populated, accounting for 13 percent of the population. Gaborone came in second with 10.9 percent.

In terms of formal and informal employment, it has been found that 74.2 percent of the wage earners are in the formal sector (roughly 378, 994 people) while 25.8 percent are in the informal sector and located predominantly in rural areas.

Based on the 2015/16 Botswana Multi-Topic Household Survey (BMTHS), it was discovered that 16.3 percent of the population live below the poverty datum line, with the majority of those living in towns and cities.

In terms of HIV prevalence, it is estimated that about 370, 000 people are living with HIV in Botswana, with an adult prevalence of 20.3 percent for the 15-49 age group.

The country is said to have the fourth highest HIV prevalence rate in the world, after South Africa, Lesotho and eSwatini.

A recent study by Statistics Botswana also discovered that households living in shacks increased significantly from 1.21 percent in 1991 to 2.22 percent (out of 589, 909 households) in 2017. The development is described as a cause for concern as it puts households at a higher risk of contracting communicable diseases.

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Battling for booze

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Battling for booze

Liquor industry wants alcohol sale ban lifted

Botswana Alcohol Industry Association (BAIA) is lobbying for government to follow the example of neighbouring countries and lift the ban on alcohol sales.

Their main reasoning being that citizens who live close to the border may be tempted to sneak out of the country in their desperation to buy liquor. They note this would be detrimental to the economy as well posing a serious health hazard.

The Association Chairman, Mothusi Molokomme told Voice Money they believe the ban – in place since 27 March – should be lifted to allow the public to purchase alcohol and consume it at home.

As much as the main focus is for bottle stores and wholesalers to open for trade, Molokomme revealed they also want bars to be opened, noting they are the only centres of distribution in some of the country’s remoter areas.

He stressed that bars should be allowed to operate on a ‘takeaway’ basis but only after they satisfy Covid-19 prevention protocols.

“The main worry is that there will be loitering around the bars. But it is our belief that operators will strictly adhere to the regulations and allow for takeaways only,” stated Molokomme.

The Chairman pointed to the recent surge in homebrews as indication that the ban should be lifted.

During the period of lockdown, the police have recorded escalating cases of homebrews, which in some instances have even led to the loss of drinkers’ lives.

“There is also a regional factor because South Africa has announced it will be opening next week. Namibia is opening as well and Zambia has always remained opened and because of our porous borders, we may see the illegal coming in of liquor,” continued Molokomme.

He said areas located along the borders of these countries pose a threat to liquor contraband.

While the association advocates for the ban to be lifted, he says as the industry, they will also intensify their message for safer consumption and promote good behaviour among consumers to exercise precautionary measures.

“We are hoping that we will reach an agreement. It will be difficult to convince government when it comes to opening of bars, but we cannot sideline the bars because, in some areas they are the only available points of sale,” reiterated Molokomme, who doubles as the Managing Director of Distell Botswana.

The association was scheduled to meet with the Minister of Investment, Trade and Industry (MITI), Peggy Serame this week to map a way forward regarding the sale of alcohol.

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Business

Crafting a new life

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Crafting a new life

The Enterprising Welder Me and My Business

Absorbed and happy in his work as a car mechanic, an unlikely request from a client three years ago changed the course of 35-year-old Bokamoso Selthabi’s life forever.

The self-taught welder now designs and makes various products from metal, including troughs, trailers, cages, kraal fences and other farm implements.

Having initially set-up shop in the North West of South Africa, his home of three years, the Morwa native retraced his steps back to Botswana to continue Bucha Rest Welding.

Recalling the meeting that altered his existence, Setlhabi told Voice Money he was working as a mechanic when a customer asked him to build a trailer for him.

“I made the product for him. After that he brought two more guys wanting my services. From there it grew into a fully-fledged business,” he explained.

“The business has now been running for two years based in South Africa. It is only at the beginning of this year that we relocated to Botswana,” continued the multi-talented craftsman, adding he briefly explored the Namibian market as well.

While he is still new to the local market, with much of that time blanketed by Covid-19 restrictions, Selthabi admits he is yet to reach a point where he can say business is as good as it was in South Africa.

“So far it has been a bit difficult locally. Some of the products that we do like metal kraals are still not highly rated here but we are working hard to market such products as a good alternative to wooden kraals,” he noted, a steely determination evident in his tone.

Setlhabi explained that one of the perceived disadvantages of products like metal kraals is because the metal conducts heat.

However, he points out that this can be overcome by simply applying paint.

“The good thing about it is that it is durable and lasts longer than other materials used to construct kraals,” he highlighted.

Despite the current low uptake of his products, the enterprising welder is optimistic his fortunes will soon turn around.

“It is promising because, when you work with customers who are not used to what you are doing, you have to carry out extensive marketing of your products. We hope when life goes back to normal after the pandemic there will be some improvement,” he said, adding that items such as feeding containers have proved popular and are in demand.

“We also have customers waiting across the country,” he added.

Other challenges – and the one Setlhabi describes as his biggest – is copycats who attempt to duplicate his work ‘but often fail to match my skills’.

“We have social media pages where we post our products. People would want to do exactly the same but often do not succeed because our designs are unique and the quality is top-notch,” said the National Craft Certificate (NCC) holder proudly.

As the business is still at infancy stage, he has engaged one person to assist but hopes as the enterprise grows he will be able to employ more.

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